Tennis Serve Motion

We ask all levels of players to read even the basic of basics, understanding the foundation is the key to helping anyone’s problems, no matter what age or level. Simplifying the serve ...I believe most know and understand the serve has two actions, the toss and then the motion to hit the ball. Putting them together, of course we have the serve.

The serve is a throwing motion. If you can’t throw a ball, how do you think you will serve? If you can’t throw very well yet, take your time in getting to know the motion, understand that the motion isn’t that difficult to do. When practicing your throw, it’s not how hard or far you throw the ball ,but , how you throw it. Actually you don’t even have to let go of the ball to learn at the beginning. What’s so important to understand and something you will always hear around tennis is to serve well you have to have a very loose and relaxed arm. This is so true , but so hard to achieve, mainly for the lack of having the understanding of a good throwing motion. Everything is a build up of momentum to release your wrist to hit the ball while serving or to let go of the ball while throwing. Look at our models and practice exactly what you see. When you practice any Rarefied tennis fundamental, do it as slowly as you can and without using any effort at all, this way you will ensure the proper Timing Effort is mastered correctly.

Toss. Yes, now the first action of the serve, placing the ball in the position you want to make contact. Many people struggle with their toss, even though they know what their supposed to do. If you have tossed a certain way for a while, you may struggle in correcting it. Your muscle memory unfortunately has been conditioned. For most of you, this is probably the case. So what do we do now? First understand that the toss and the serve motions are two separate actions. What’s happened is you’ve combined them together, most likely with no balance and lots of tension. It’s pretty much become one action.

So now, it may become almost impossible to change or improve without separating the two actions.

Viewed 41 times, last viewed on 2019-05-14 17:56:34

The above video shows you how to practice your throwing motion. Follow the video and relate it to the following play by play below.

The basic motion to maximize your power is transferred from your legs through your body to your arms. When doing the motion, do not use any effort at all. You will greatly benefit by this, you will learn to feel when you should start your effort in your swing allowing you to perfect your timing effort.

Start sideways, pointing at your target palm down, throwing arm in it’s set position (90 degree). Take a small step towards your target, toe pointing straight. This will help simplify your transfer of weight, clear your hips and help you end up in a balanced position. Lots of body parts are moving at the same time, pay close attention to the video , watch what the legs do first. You see the little step forward and the back foot end up on its toe (golfer pose). Start the video again and take a look at the hips and body. See how simple the movement is, from sideways to facing the target, that’s all.

Lastly, take a look at the arms, separately though. First look at the non throwing arm, it points at the target palm down, then it is pulled into the body, palm up at its finish. The non throwing arm plays a huge role in the throwing motion that most tend to overlook. It acts as a stabilizer for the body. If you have ever seen how they train a punching action in karate , the power in the arms come from the stability of the body. A powerful punch is driven from the legs, a square stable body position and the correct arm action. When this arm tosses the ball during the serve, it will stay up until the throw motion begins. You will see advanced players especially (but of course we want everyone to understand this knowledge)after the toss, as the arm waits, the hand will slightly turn palm down and recreate the arm motion of the throw. This can happen naturally if the throw is practiced properly. When you are at the stage of using your legs to jump out to the ball, you can imagine the tossing arm helping you pull yourself up to the ball.

Now look at your throwing arm, throwing the ball will be the same as throwing your racket. Your arm and hand will do the exact same movements. They will start at the same place and end in the same place. When you hold the ball in your set throw position (90degrees) take your little step forward, once grounded, this foot becomes your anchor, at that moment your hips start to open and clear, your arm will start to fall down towards your ear in a circular motion.

You will maintain your 90 degrees at all times. Check the video again, you will see the simplicity of this movement. Remember you are doing this throwing motion without any effort at all. Now, the final movement and a very critical movement. The wrist will be the controller of the throw or swing pattern, it will create the energy to go forward towards the target. Your serve and throw can only be as good as your snap of the wrist. It’s so important to use no effort at all while learning the throwing action. If you stay focused with this approach, you will build your timing effort, your arm will stay lose and relaxed throughout the whole motion. When you increase your speed, you will feel and understand where the effort is given in your swing, the snap of the wrist will be maximized and will be able to create a long swing pattern.

Viewed 114 times, last viewed on 2019-05-14 17:57:04

The serve starts every point in a game and can be very effective in helping you win a point, or it can be a back breaker in a match if it is not hit well.


Many players have questioned the involvement of the hips in hitting a serve and therefore tended to overlook the importance of the hips. Teaching pros have always been aware of the legs and trunk because those segmental movement are obvious. However, contemporary knowledge now indictates that hip rotation may be the most crucial component in the difference between a great serve and mediocre one. The hips are the area of body where a skilled player transfers the liner and angular momentum generated by the legs to the trunk.